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Nepal is a beautiful landlocked country located in South Asia with an area of about 1,47,181 sq.km. It extends from 26°22’N to 30°27’N latitudes and from 80°4’E to 88°12’E longitudes. It is surrounded by India in the east, south and west and Tibet lies to the north.
Nepal is a country of geographical diversity. Green forest is the wealth of Nepal. It is the second richest country in water resources after Brazil.
Here are some beautiful national parks of Nepal which every tourist would want to visit:
1. Chitwan national park
Chitwan national park is the oldest park in Nepal. It was established 1973. This park lies in the plain area of mid-south region of inner Terai. Its total area is 932 sq.km. It has been included under the list of World Heritage Site in 1984. This national park is situated in the Central Development Region occupying the area of Chitwan, Parsa and Makwanpur districts of Narayani Zone. It is the first National park of Nepal. It contains Chure Hills, Rapti Valley and main regions of The Narayani and Riyu Rivers. Sal trees are found in a great number in this National Park. It is known for Sal Forest, Riveraine forest and grassland. There are about 570 species of flowering plants, 30 species of large mammals, more than 400 bird species, 17 reptiles and 100 fish species. Many endangered animals such as tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, wild elephants, stripped hyenas, sloth bears, gangetic dolphins and alligators are found here.
Different Kinds of insects, python and crocodiles (gharial and magar) are also found in this area. This park also provides an excellent habitat for apes, monkeys, antelopes, bears, tigers, lizards, gaurigai, deer etc. Different species of deer like Chittal, Ratua and Laguna are found here.
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2. Sagarmatha National Park
This park was established in 1975. It lies in the north of Khumbu region and in Solukhumbhu district. The total area of this park is 1148 sq.km. The highest peak of the world Mt. Everest (Sagarmatha) and other important peaks lie in this region. This park extends to Imja Khola in the south and Tibet of china in the north which is the international border and upper part of Dudhkoshi River. This park was included in the list of World Heritage in 1982.
The highest peak in the world, Mt.Everest (8848 meters) and other several well-known peaks such as Lhotse, Nuptse, Pumoori, Amadabalam and Thamsherku are located in this park. Bhotekoshi, Dudhkoshi and Imja Khola are major watersheds of this region.
There is high mountainous environment in this area. The important vegetation of the park are Gobre Salla, Thingre Salla, Hemlock, Fir, Juniper, Birch, Rhododendron etc. Flowers like Rhododendron increase the beauty of this park during Spring Season. Himalayan Thar, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer. Wolf, Polar Bear, Ghoral, Jharal are the important wildlife of this park. Different bid species are found in this area such as Danfe(Lophophorus), Chilime, Kaliz, wild cock, snow cock, Lalchuche, Himchuche, Himkhukhura etc.
This national park is supposed to be important in the view of cultural heritage. This park is famous for various Budhhist Monastries such as Tengboche, Pangboche, Thame. It provides education on Buddhism. It is one of the best destinations for tourists. Trekking sites, Sherpas Culture, wildlife and rich bio-diversity attract the tourist here.
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3. Shey-Phoksundo National Park
It was established in the year 1984. This park lies in the western part of Nepal in the mountain districts of Dolpa and Mugu. It has an area of 3555 sq.kms. that represent trans-Himalayan eco-system. This is the largest national park. Various kinds of vegetation and birds are found here. This park has spread towards both north and south sides of the Himalayas.
The important trees of the park are blue pine, birch and spruce. The wildlife of the park are blue sheep, snow leopard, Himalayan Thar, Himalayan Mouse, hare etc. This is the main habitat of the wild animals like Himalayan leopard, Tibetan rabbit, Naur etc. Similarly, there are some glaciers and snow-capped mountain ranges also. There is Phoksundo Lake in the middle part of the park. There are Shey Gumba (Monastery) and other Buddhist Monasteries also. These monasteries are taken as the center of religious education, cultural conduct and discipline for Tibetan Buddhist followers.
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4. Langtang National park
This park was established in 1975. It is spread along the Nepal-China border areas. It contains Rasuwa, Nuwakot and Sindupal Chowk districts of Bagmati Zone. It has an area of 1710 sq.kms. The two prominent Himalayan Rivers namely Trishuli and Sunkoshi flow through this park. Various kinds of land topography and climate are found in this region. So, it is the habitat for different kinds of vegetation and wild animals.
Chirpine, Blue pine, Oak, Hemlock, Spruce are important vegetation species of the park. The forests of Sal, Khotesalla, Louth Salla, Langtang Salla, Gobresalla, Kharsu, Rhododendron etc. are found here. The park is famous for the habitat of Red Panda. The other important mammals of the park are wild dog, Himalayan black bear, common langur, the musk deer, leopard, red panda, Himalayan Thar, ghoral, red monkey etc.
This park has helped to conserve different sites of cultural significance. The Langtang National Park is also famous for its cultural richness. There are many cultural sites such as the “Bon Po” doctrine of Tibet and religious place Goshaikundha. This park is situated in the remote area although it is very near to Kathmandu. This park is also very famous among tourist for trekking.
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5. Rara National Park.
This park was established in 1975. It is situated nearly at the altitude of 1800 meters to 4048 meters. This park lies in the north-west of Nepal. It is spread from Mugu to Jumla districts. The total area of this park is 106 sq.kms. The main attraction of this park is Rara Lake which is the biggest lake in Nepal. It is the smallest park of the country.
The lake is surrounded with green forest, which adds extra beauty to this park. There are Chuchura Peaks in the South and Rum Kandha, Mallika Kandha Peaks in the North of this lake. They have made the natural sites more beautiful and attractive. The wild animals like Himalayan black bear, Himalayan thar, musk deer, Ghoral, red panda are found in this park.
Coniferous forest is all around the lake. This area is a suitable habitat for a great number of birds. Birds from Siberia and Mansarowar visit this area in winter.
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