Drug addiction is defined as a state of periodic or chronic intoxication detrimental to the individual and society produced by the repeated intake of habit- forming drugs. Drug addiction is a worldwide and psychosocial problem. No area or community is free from its danger.
Drug is termed as any substance which when taken in the body enhances the functioning of our body. In connection with this context, The World Health Organization has defined a drug as “any chemical entity or mixture of entities, other than those required for the maintenance of normal health, the administration of which alters the biological function and possibly structure”. Drug abuse is an excessive use of unspecified drugs, in unspecified manner and amount, which is judged by some to be harmful to the user and society.
Causes of drug addiction:
The addict friends usually induce the neo-ones to this habit.
Drugs are taken to forget discomfort and frustrations of life.
In Asia, some people use drugs to worship and please the Lord Shiva.
The smugglers to addiction trap some users.
Personality problem also makes a person more prone to addiction.
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Effects of drug addiction:
Its effects include elevated blood pressure, high heart beat rate.
It reduces memory and comprehension.
It reduces motor coordination.
Infected syringe can cause HIV and AIDS, Hepatitis ‘B’ and ‘C’.
It also affects the reproductive health.
It can cause death if taken for a long time.
Appetite is lost.
The addicts are dragged towards social crimes and misconduct.
It causes sweating, headache, dizziness.
Prevention and Control of drug addiction:
Involve in creative and recreational activities.
Develop awareness about the harmful effects of the drugs.
Introducing family workshops and family counseling on drug addiction
Strict and frequent checks should be strongly taken on the sale of such drugs.
Try to make good understanding within the family members.